The Inclusion and Intersectionality team, Stakeholder Engagement and Inclusion Unit is developing an implementation plan for the Disability Action Plan, spanning 2020-21. This plan will identify actions to address barriers and ensure the participation, inclusion and safety of the department’s service users and staff with disability, specifically in the context of the profound impacts of COVID-19.
For further information please contact: SEIUStakeholderEngagementandInclusion@justice.vic.gov.au
In the Disability Action Plan Framework 2019-2022:
- Message from the Secretary
- Disability in Victoria
- Defining disability
- Our commitment
- Legislative and policy context
- Achieving outcomes
- Equal rights and opportunities
- Access and inclusion
- Recognising and valuing diversity
Message from the Secretary
The Disability Action Plan 2019-22 continues the Department of Justice and Community Safety’s ongoing work to reduce barriers experienced by Victorians living with disability in accessing justice services and participating in the life of the State.
Almost one in five Victorians have a disability. We recognise that people living with disability encounter barriers to participation in the things most people take for granted.
We acknowledge our responsibility to improve access to employment for people with disability and during the term of this Plan will engage principles and initiatives contained in Getting to Work: the Victorian public sector disability employment action plan 2018-2025.
We understand our responsibility to ensure that the justice system is accessible to all Victorians including people living with disability. That means maintaining buildings and physical environments that can be accessed. It means ensuring that information we produce is available to all and it means that the events and activities we plan are done so in such a way as to include everyone.
Goals presented in this Plan include the promotion of equal rights and opportunities for people living with disability, maintaining an accessible justice system and recognising and valuing diversity. In continuing our work towards these goals, we celebrate the contribution that all people bring to the organisation through varied experiences, views and lifestyles and we look forward to further enriching our department through the promotion of inclusion and diversity.
Department of Justice and Community Safety
Disability in Victoria
In Victoria, there are over 1 million people with a disability – one in six people in the community. Australia-wide, almost one in five people have a disability (from Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers 2015: State and Territory Australian Tables, Australian Bureau of Statistics).
For almost 80% of Victorians, their disability restricts them in some way from performing basic daily living activities of communication, mobility and self-care.
Over a third (34%) of Victorians with disability have a profound or severe disability, which means they sometimes need assistance with core activities.
Experience of people with a disability
- Not all people with a disability are the same: their needs may be complex, varied and/or change over time. Some people experience barriers and disadvantage on a number of levels
- Barriers experienced by people with a disability may be physical, communication related, employment or educational.
Others are attitudinal, including stigma, prejudice (intentional or otherwise) and discrimination
- The participation rate in the workforce is 53% for people with a disability compared to 83% of people who do not have a disability.
"For many people with a disability, the greatest barrier is not their disability but confronting negative attitudes, overcoming outdated stereotypes and challenging the limitations placed on them by others. What they lack is not ability but opportunity."
From Shut Out: The experience of people with disabilities and their families in Australia
The experience of carers
- Families and carers of people with a disability contribute to the total number of people in our community who are impacted by issues of disability
- In 2015, there were 2.7 million Australians providing informal care to people with a disability. One in 10 Australian households includes an informal primary carer, one third of whom provide over 40 hours of unpaid care a week
- This has an impact on carers’ ability to participate in the workforce and when they do participate, their average income is 42% lower than non-carers
- One third of primary carers have a disability themselves.
Attitudes play a key part in the way we engage with people with a disability and the way that people with a disability engage with their community.
- The closer proximity people had to someone with a disability, the more they perceived there was prejudice against people with a disability (from British Social Attitudes Survey 2005)
- One fifth (21%) of 18 – 34 year olds admit that they have actually avoided talking to a person with a disability because they were unsure how to communicate with them (from Current attitudes towards disabled people, Scope UK)
- Nearly a quarter (23%) of people with a disability identified local authority and government staff as a group whose attitudes they would like to see change for the better. This was the second-highest identified group (after the general public).
There are a number of ways to define disability:
- Legal definitions – such as the Commonwealth Disability Discrimination Act 1992 and Victorian Disability Act 2006, which provide a framework to promote rights and to identify and reduce discrimination
- Medical models – which define disability in relation to an individual’s health conditions or impairments. For example, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) provides a list of disorders and diagnosis criteria for medical staff and researchers
- Social models – which focus on the interaction between people and their environment. For example, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with a Disability recognises that “disability results from the interaction between persons with impairments and attitudinal and environmental barriers that hinders their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others".
Legal definitions of disability
Disability Discrimination Act 1992 (Commonwealth)
Disability, in relation to a person, means –
- a. total or partial loss of the person’s bodily or mental functions; or
- b. total or partial loss of a part of the body; or
- c. the presence in the body of organisms causing disease or illness; or
- d. the presence in the body of organisms capable of causing disease or illness; or
- e. the malfunction, malformation or disfigurement of a part of the person’s body; or
- f. a disorder or malfunction that results in the person learning differently from a person without the disorder or malfunction; or
- g. a disorder, illness or disease that affects a person’s thought processes, perceptions of reality, emotions or judgment or that results in a disturbed behaviour;
and includes a disability that:
- h. presently exists; or
- i. previously existed but no longer exists; or
- j. may exist in the future (including because of a genetic predisposition to that disability); or
- k. is imputed to a person.
Disability Act 2006 (Victoria)
Disability in relation to a person means:
- a sensory, physical or neurological impairment or acquired brain injury or any combination thereof, which:
- is, or is likely to be permanent; and
- causes a substantially reduced capability in at least one of the areas of self-care, self-management, mobility or communication; and
- requires significant ongoing or long term episodic support; and
- is not related to ageing; or
- an intellectual disability; or
- a developmental delay.
Consistent with these definitions and models, the Department of Justice and Community Safety (DJCS) recognises the importance that interactions with the environment and society play in disability and that they may:
- occur at any stage during a person’s life
- be present at birth or acquired
- be permanent or temporary
- be obvious or hidden
- be of varying levels of severity – from mild to profound (where a person will always need help with everyday activities)
- occur at any stage during a person’s life.
The Department of Justice and Community Safety is committed to embracing and responding to diversity among our staff and in the wider Victorian community.
We demonstrate our commitment to creating an inclusive and responsive environment that values diversity by:
- respecting the rights, responsibilities, dignity and worth of all people
- understanding the differences that exist within the community, including gender identity, age, caring responsibilities, language, cultural background, ethnicity, disability, sexual orientation, education, socio-economic status, experience, skills and beliefs
- recognising, valuing and actively seeking the input of different ideas, experiences and skills, to improve the value and strength of our work and our community
- engaging in practices that recruit, retain and develop a workforce that reflects the diverse nature of our business and the community.
The following principles underpin this Disability Action Plan. These principles have been developed in accordance, and align, with our legislative and human rights obligations.
Equity, accessibility and inclusiveness are key drivers for progressing outcomes and actions under this Disability Action Plan.
Victorian communities are safe and Victorians feel confident about their safety.
Human rights and social justice
The rights of all Victorians with a disability are protected through a just, responsive and accessible justice and regulation system in which the Victorian community has confidence. The rights of justice employees with a disability are recognised, protected and promoted.
Victorians with a disability are empowered to freely make decisions about their lives.
The experiences and expertise of people with a disability are respected, and they are consulted about policies and decisions that affect them. The needs of individuals and their carers are the focus of the services we provide.
Legislative and policy context
The DJCS Plan contributes to efforts across government and the community to improve outcomes for people with disabilities. As such, the plan has been developed in the context of the department’s obligations under the Victorian Disability Act and State Disability Plan, and a wider legislative and policy context. The plan also responds to the specific issues experienced by people who come into contact with the justice system and is guided by lessons learnt from previous plans.
The DJCS Plan contributes to efforts across government and the community to improve outcomes for people with disabilities. As such, the Plan has been developed in the context of the department’s obligations under the Victorian Disability Act and State Disability Plan, and a wider legislative and policy context. The Plan also responds to the specific issues experienced by people who come into contact with the justice system and is guided by lessons learnt from previous plans.
The DJCS Plan draws on principles and themes contained in and through:
Commonwealth legislation, national agreements and international obligations
- The United Nations International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities – of which Australia is a signatory
- Disability Discrimination Act 1992 – provides protection for everyone in Australia against discrimination based on disability
- National Disability Strategy 2010-2020 – an initiative of the Council of Australian Governments – endorsed by all State and Territory leaders.
- Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act 2006 – sets out freedoms, rights and responsibilities for all people in Victoria
- Victorian Equal Opportunity Act 2010 – encourages the identification and elimination of discrimination and to promote equality of opportunity in Victoria
- Disability Act 2006 – requires the department to have a Disability Action Plan which addresses specific barriers facing people with a disability.
- DJCS Disability Stakeholder Forum
- DJCS and VPS Enablers Network
- Reference Group
- Evaluation of DJCS’ previous DAP
- Consultation with key stakeholders.
Victorian government policy
- The Victorian State Disability Plan 2017-2020 – an overarching framework for promoting the inclusion of Victorians with a disability and addressing the barriers they face
- Whole of government priorities – a framework for current priorities across the state government.
The Plan also endeavours to complement the DJCS Vision and Purpose:
- Vision - A safe, just, innovative and thriving Victoria, where the rule of law is upheld, and rights and responsibilities are respected.
- Purpose – To provide: safer communities; a responsive, efficient justice system; well-equipped emergency services; responsible, balanced regulation; and excellence in service delivery.
There is no point in having a Disability Action Plan unless it leads to positive change in the way that we work and in our programs and services. To make sure the change we are looking for occurs, this Plan focuses on outcomes and the structures that are needed to achieve them.
The department’s Disability Action Plan and Cultural Diversity Plan share basic goals and outcomes, with a structure based on the department’s outcomes framework.
- This document is the Framework and it defines the key goals of the Plan, the underpinning outcomes of those goals and indicators of success.
- The specific actions that will be undertaken towards achieving the outcomes of this DAP are set out in the Implementation Plan, which we will report on each year and make changes to over the four-year life of the DAP as work is completed and new work identified.
The following three goals have been identified as priority areas:
- a fair justice system that promotes equal rights and opportunities
- an accessible and inclusive justice system
- a department that recognises and values diversity.
Inherent across these goals is a commitment on the part of the department to work towards attaining employment targets set out in Getting to Work: the Victorian public sector disability employment action plan 2018-2025. Getting to Work sets a six percent employment target across all Victorian government departments and Victoria Police by 2020, increasing to twelve percent by 2025.
We recognise that engaging constructively and creatively with people living with disability results in positive outcomes for the whole community. To this end, during the term of this and future DAPs, the department will conduct ongoing conversations with the VPS and DJCS Enablers Network to ensure that we engage in inclusive approaches and practices that bring about significant benefits in terms of greater tolerance, appreciation of diversity and, in turn, participation of people with a disability.
A key focus of this Plan will be on establishing a base line in relation to service provision and the experiences of people with a disability. Benchmarking through the collection and analysis of data allows us to see where we are and how we are progressing towards our outcomes. It allows us to facilitate change, look at new ways of doing things, learn from others and promote changes to practices and culture.
An outcomes-driven approach requires rigour around data collection and evaluation of the programs and services we provide.
An implementation and monitoring committee, chaired by the Deputy Secretary, Criminal Law Policy and Operations, will be formed to provide senior level oversight of the implementation of the Disability Action Plan and the department’s Cultural Diversity Plan.
The Department’s Diversity Issues Unit will be responsible for liaising with DJCS business units in relation to their actions under the DAP and will manage annual reporting.
Equal rights and opportunities
Goal: A fair justice system that promotes equal rights and opportunities
Outcome 1: Victorians with a disability take up opportunities to exercise their rights
- Increase understanding of rights
- Increase participation in the justice process
- Increase trust in and connection with the justice and regulation systems.
Outcome 2: People with a disability participate in the Victorian community
- Increase participation in areas of the community related to justice and regulation, including, but not limited to:
- Increase pathways to employment
- Continue work set out in Getting to Work to achieve a six percent employment target across all Victorian government departments and Victoria Police by 2020, increasing to twelve percent by 2025
- Increase in level of preparedness for disasters
- Increase participation in community recovery.
Outcome 3: The composition of our paid and volunteer workforce reflects a diverse cross-section of the population, and our people are provided with opportunities, experience and career pathways consistent with principles and targets contained in the VPS’ Getting to Work: the Victorian public sector disability employment action plan 2018-2025.
- Increase recruitment to employment
- Increase recruitment to volunteer roles
- Increase participation on boards and committees
- Increase retention
- Increase career progression in paid workforce
- Increase participation in professional development and learning opportunities.
Access and inclusion
Goal: An accessible and inclusive justice system
Outcome 4: The experiences and views of people living with disability informs and shapes our decision-making
- Increase opportunity for people with a disability to provide input into planning and programs
- Increase community engagement.
Outcome 5: Our information, communications, events and services and services we fund are appropriate and accessible to people with a disability
- Decrease in barriers to accessing information and services
- Increase in number of people with a disability reporting that DJCS services are appropriate and accessible
- Decrease barriers to participating in events
- Increase understanding of DJCS information and communications
- Increase consistency of information and service response provided.
Outcome 6: Our workplaces and buildings are safe and accessible
- Increase compliance with safety and accessibility requirements of our buildings and workplaces
- Increase in compliance with safety and accessibility requirements of venues we hire for events
- Decrease physical barriers to workplaces, buildings and events.
Outcome 7: Our workforce has the attitude and capability to provide appropriate services, information and support to people with a disability
- Increase skill set of the workforce
- Increase positive attitudes relating to disability
- Increase confidence in delivering appropriate information and services
- Decrease complaints relating to services and communication.
Recognising and valuing diversity
Goal: A department that recognises and values diversity
Outcome 8: The department demonstrates leadership and accountability in improving outcomes for people with a disability
- Increase number of successfully progressed actions that create positive outcomes for people with a disability (including those from the DAP)
- Increase in staff awareness of and commitment to DAP actions
- Increase in department involvement or leadership in relevant networks, programs and initiatives that drive outcomes for people with a disability
- Engage the VPS and DJCS Enablers Network ensuring that staff with a disability are involved in the formulation of departmental policies and practices.
Outcome 9: Disability inclusion is supported by our tools, policies, procedures and data
- Increase in data available relating to people with a disability
- DJCS has tools, policies and procedures to support disability inclusion.
Outcome 10: We are an employer of choice and attract talent from a diverse cross-section of the population
- Increase in positive visibility of disability
- Increase in our profile as an employer of choice for people with a disability.