- Past adoption practices
- Support services
- Birth certificates
- Adoption records
- Searching for natural family
- Discharge of adoption
- Forced Adoption Exceptional Circumstances Fund
- Parliamentary Inquiry into responses to historical forced adoption in Victoria
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Past adoption practices
Adoption practice has changed in the past forty years.
During the 1950s and 1960s, public policy assumed that a 'clean break' from the natural mother was best for the adopted child. During this period, adoptions were 'closed'. People who had been adopted could not access information about their natural parents.
Additionally, many past adoptions did not meet the standards of that time. Babies were taken from their mothers without informed consent.
Forced adoption refers to past practices that forcibly separated mothers and their babies. Not all of these practices resulted in adoption.
These practices usually occurred in an institution, such as a hostel or hospital. Practices included:
- sending mothers to maternity homes with harsh conditions
- forcibly restraining mothers when they gave birth
- immediately separating them from their newborn babies against their will
- pressuring or coercing mothers into signing consent forms.
Past adoption practices were also experienced by the Stolen Generations. According to the Bringing Them Home report (External link), approximately 17 per cent of Aboriginal children known to have been forcibly removed from their families across Australia were adopted into new families. In the vast majority of cases, the adoptive family was non-Aboriginal.
On 25 October 2012, the Victorian Parliament apologised for past adoption practices.
On 10 March 2022, the Victorian Government tabled its response (External link) to the Parliamentary Inquiry into responses to historical forced adoption in Victoria (External link)
Adoption Services Victoria works with other organisations to support people affected by past adoption practices.
Relationship Australia’s Forced Adoption Support Service (External link) supports mothers, fathers, adopted persons and other affected family members by providing:
- counselling and emotional support
- information and referral to community services
- advice and support on adoption-related issues.
The Forced Adoption Support Service also provides funding for projects that support people affected by forced adoption.
VANISH (External link) provides professional and confidential support for all people affected by adoption. Their staff members often have a personal experience of separation from family by adoption. They can offer appropriate assistance and support to our service users, with empathy and respect.
- adoptive parents
- extended family members, and more.
Link-Up Victoria (External link) and the Koorie Heritage Trust (External link) support members of the Stolen Generations and their descendants to reconnect with family, culture and community.
When an Adoption Order is made, a new birth certificate is issued. This is the post adoption birth certificate. It shows the adoptive parents as the parents of the child. It becomes the child’s legal birth certificate.
Adopted people have the same access to their legal birth certificates as non-adopted people. If you were adopted in Victoria, you can apply for your legal, post-adoption birth certificate through the Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages Victoria (External link)
Adopted people and natural parents can also apply for the child’s original birth certificate. Learn more about about applying for an original birth certificate.
Many people affected by adoption find it beneficial to seek the records that were created at the time of the adoption. Adoption information may be sought from Adoption Services. Learn more about applying for adoption records.
Searching for natural family
Sometimes people affected by adoption seek the original birth certificate and adoption records. These documents may help them locate family from whom they have been separated by the adoption.
Learn more about searching for family.
Discharge of adoption
A person may apply to the County Court of Victoria to undo the legal effect of an adoption order. This is known as ‘discharge of adoption'.
If the Court makes an order to discharge an adoption:
- the adoption ceases to exist
- the person is no longer an adopted person or legally connected to the family that adopted them.
They become legally reconnected to their birth family. Learn more about discharge of adoption.
Forced Adoption Exceptional Circumstances Fund
If you are a mother affected by forced adoption policies and practices in Victoria prior to 1985, and are experiencing terminal illness or other acute exceptional circumstances, you can apply for the Forced Adoption Exceptional Circumstances Fund.
Parliamentary Inquiry into responses to historical forced adoption in Victoria
On 10 March 2022, the Victorian Government tabled its response to the Parliamentary Inquiry into responses to historical forced adoption in Victoria.
The response can be viewed on the Parliament of Victoria website (External link)
You can also view the Inquiry’s report (External link), tabled in Parliament on 8 September 2021.