On 26 October 2018 the Victorian Government, the Taungurung Land and Waters Council Aboriginal Corporation (TLaWCAC), and the Taungurung Traditional Owner group signed a suite of agreements under the Traditional Owner Settlement Act 2010 (Vic), and related legislation.

The Recognition and Settlement Agreement (RSA) commenced on 11 August 2020. You can find a copy of the RSA document on this website.

A map of the Taungurung settlement’s agreement area is available below (a downloadable version is available at the bottom of the page).


Agreement area for the Recognition and Settlement Agreement in central Victoria with the Taungurung traditional owner group



Accessible description of the map showing the agreement area in Central Victoria for the Recognition and Settlement Agreement with the Taungurung Traditional Owner group

The agreement area extends approximately from the Campaspe River in the west, through to the high county around Woods Point, Mt Howitt, and Hotham Heights in the east. It extends from Woodend and the ridge of the Great Dividing Range in the south, through to areas near Rochester, Euroa, Benalla and Everton in the North.

The agreement area is generally bordered by:

  • the Yorta Yorta Nation Aboriginal Corporation Registered Aboriginal Party boundary to the north
  • the Ovens River to the north east
  • the Gunaikurnai Recognition and Settlement Agreement area to the south east
  • the Wurundjeri Tribe Land and Compensation Cultural Heritage Council Registered Aboriginal Party boundary to the south, and
  • the Dja Dja Wurrung Clans Recognition and Settlement Agreement area to the west.

Benefits of the settlement agreement

The settlement agreement will benefit all Victorians by:

  • promoting reconciliation
  • improving the cultural and economic wellbeing of Taungurung people
  • providing more resources for land management within the agreement area.

The TOS Act recognises the need to provide for agreements to be negotiated between the state and Traditional Owner groups as a means of advancing reconciliation, in addition to negotiating outcomes in relation to native title resolution.

The settlement agreement enables the state to resolve a potential compensation liability by agreement. It also provides a measure of redress for land injustice that might not be available to the Taungurung under the Native Title Act 1993.

More information: What is native title?

The settlement package includes a range of redress measures

The settlement package formally recognises the Taungurung people as the Traditional Owners for part of central Victoria.

The package includes:

  • funding to support TLaWCAC to manage the settlement’s benefits and obligations, and undertake economic development
  • measures to strengthen Taungurung culture
  • grants of nine parks and reserves as Aboriginal title, and up to five surplus public land parcels as freehold title
  • a regime for managing activity on public land, and
  • resourcing and strategies for the Taungurung people to access, use, and manage natural resources.

More information:

How the agreement will affect different rights and interests in land

Freehold title rights

The agreement will not affect freehold title rights. It includes public lands and waters only within the agreement area.

Existing rights and interests on public land

Existing leases, licences and other rights and interests will be protected for their full term. Examples include farming, fishing, grazing and forestry.

Recreational activities like hunting and fishing will not be affected.

Rights for Traditional Owners to natural resources

The agreement recognises Taungurung people’s rights to access public land within the agreement area to hunt, fish, camp, and gather natural resources.

More information: What is a Natural Resource Agreement?

Business on public land

The Taungurung settlement includes a Land Use Activity Agreement (LUAA), which provides a regime for managing activities on public land that may have an impact on the rights of the Taungurung.

The LUAA replaces the future act regime of the Native Title Act 1993.

The Taungurung will have an opportunity to have a say or consent to certain activities on public land, and in some cases, ‘community benefits’ are payable to the TLaWCAC.

More information: What is a Land Use Activity Agreement?

Parks and reserves that will be granted to the Taungurung

The following areas will be granted to the TLaWCAC as Aboriginal title:

  • Alpine National Park (the part of the Park situated within the Taungurung Agreement Area)
  • Heathcote-Graytown National Park
  • Kinglake National Park (the part of the Park situated within the Taungurung Agreement Area)
  • Lake Eildon National Park
  • Mt Buffalo National Park
  • Mt Samira State Park
  • Cathedral Range State Park
  • Wandong Regional Park
  • Mount Wombat-Garden Range Flora and Fauna Reserve.

Changes to the way these parks and reserves will be managed

The Aboriginal title lands will be jointly managed by the state and the Taungurung through a Traditional Owner Land Management Board (to be established after commencement of the settlement).

In all cases, the parks and reserves will continue to be managed under the same Act of Parliament by which they are reserved, but will also be subject to a joint management plan developed by the Traditional Owner Land Management Board. Following public consultation, the Minister for Energy, Environment and Climate Change considers the Board’s plan. The Minister’s approval is required before the plan comes into effect.

Joint management

A Traditional Owner Land Management Board will be established by the Minister for Energy, Environment and Climate Change after the settlement commences. A majority of members will be nominated by the TLaWCAC The remaining members, representing the state and the broader community, will be nominated by the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning (DELWP).

The Board will develop a joint management plan that will set the strategic direction for the land.

Joint management will benefit both Taungurung people and the wider community by recognising Taungurung culture and knowledge, providing quality visitor and tourism experiences, improving public education and conserving, protecting and enhancing natural and cultural values.

Parks Victoria will continue to carry out day-to-day management and will permanently keep some core management functions. This includes fire management and catchment management including designated water supply catchment areas under the National Parks Act 1975 (Vic).

More information: What is Aboriginal Title and Joint Management?

Access and use of jointly managed lands

Jointly managed areas will continue to be managed under the relevant public land Act under which they are reserved. Protections around existing use and access contained in these Acts and regulations will continue to apply.

The joint management plan embeds Traditional Owner knowledge, values and expertise in the management of the jointly managed land. The drafting process for the plan will include public consultation. The joint management plan must be consistent with Victorian Government state-wide policy to maintain public access.

Existing licences or leases on joint management land will be protected, friends groups can continue to operate and recreational fishing and hunting will continue.

Freehold title grants under the settlement to the Taungurung

The TLaWCAC will have the option of being granted any or all of the following surplus public land properties:

  • A former DELWP depot at 23 Nihil Street, Alexandra
  • A former DELWP office at 44-46 Aitken Street, Alexandra
  • A former DELWP office at 30-32 Pinniger St, Broadford
  • A former police station and residence at 14 Hurley St, Woods Point
  • Two allotments at 533 Zanelli Road, Nagambie.

The value of any properties not granted to TLaWCAC will be provided to the corporation.

Map and factsheets

You can also download the fact sheets as Word documents

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